It appears to involve two dozen fixes in 15 international matches.
The evidence, from 2011 and 2012, points to a small group of England players allegedly carrying out spot-fixes in seven matches; Australia players in five matches; Pakistan players in three, with players from other teams carrying out spot-fixes in one match. In some cases, both teams appear to have delivered a fix.
Spot-fixes affect just a small part of the game and do not determine the overall result.
Al Jazeera has obtained purported recordings of a match-fixer calling in the fixes to a notorious Indian bookmaker linked to the organised crime. He is unaware that the recordings were leaked.
The matches in which fixes were allegedly carried out include England versus India at Lord’s Cricket Ground, South Africa versus Australia in Cape Town and several matches during England’s series against Pakistan in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The files suggest that the suspected fixes were usually carried out by batsmen who agreed to underperform. Some of the world’s most famous players were batting when the fixes allegedly occurred.
Many of the matches appear to include multiple fixes, making a total of 26 fixes in the 15 matches.
|Munawar, right, speaking to Al Jazeera’s David Harrison at the Taj Hotel, Mumbai, India [Al Jazeera]|
Munawar is based in Mumbai but spends much of his time in Dubai. In the follow-up film, The Munawar Files, we reveal that he has been allegedly corrupting international cricket since 2010.
The matches include six Tests, six One Day Internationals and three T20 World Cup games.
We also discovered that the International Cricket Council (ICC), the sport’s governing body, had known about Munawar for eight years.
Yet, the ICC issued a global appeal to find Munawar only after Al Jazeera informed them it was preparing this documentary.
Twenty-five of the 26 predictions made by Munawar proved to be correct.
A UK-based firm of sports betting analysts said the odds of Munawar accurately predicting 25 of the 26 outcomes without fixing them were 9.2 million to one.
In the recordings, Munawar uses the same methods and language that he used during our undercover investigation in 2016 and 2017, when he gave advance details about alleged fixes in two Test matches in India.
|India’s Virat Kohli with Munawar [The player depicted is not implicated in any wrongdoing/Al Jazeera]|
His predictions were accurate in both cases.
Our dossier also includes photographs of Munawar and his associates hovering near, and purportedly talking to, international cricket players during the T20 World Cup in Sri Lanka in 2012.
There is no suggestion that these players were involved in match-fixing.
Among the players the match-fixer was seen close to is Virat Kohli, now India’s captain and widely regarded as the world’s best cricket player.
Other photographs show Umar Akmal, a Pakistani player, receiving and peering into a bag allegedly given to him by a Munawar associate, though the photographs do not show whether Akmal left with the bag.
|Rohit Sharma with Munawar [The player depicted is not implicated in any wrongdoing/Al Jazeera]|
Others who appear in the photographs include Andy Bichel, the Australian coach, and senior Indian players including Suresh Raina, Rohit Sharma and Lakshmipathy Balaji.
The ICC claims to have “spotters” at international tournaments to protect players from match-fixers.
The Munawar Files also include a recording of a call allegedly made by Munawar to an unnamed English cricketer, in which they appear to discuss spot-fixing. Munawar could be heard saying he is sending money to the player’s account.
A forensic speech scientist has examined the recording and concluded that it had not been tampered with.
The player believed to be speaking with Munawar denied that the conversation took place and suggested the recording was a fabrication.
|Pakistan’s Umar Akmal, right, pictured with a Munawar associate. The player depicted is not implicated in any wrongdoing [Al Jazeera]|
In the new documentary, Munawar’s identity and match-fixing role is confirmed by a man who worked for the Indian bookmaker, and received and recorded Munawar’s calls about the fixes.
Munawar’s role is further confirmed by a senior Indian detective who arrested Sonu Jalan, an alleged high-profile criminal, days after the first Al Jazeera documentary was broadcast.
Pradeep Sharma, who fights organised crime in a Mumbai suburb, said Jalan had told officers that he knew Munawar.
|Senior Inspector Pradeep Sharma, Thane police [Screengrab from Al Jazeera interview]|
“He had met him in Dubai,” Sharma said. “He also informed us that he is connected to the D-Company. He looks after the betting syndicate of the D-Company.”
D-Company is a powerful South Asian mafia that operates out of Pakistan, India and Dubai, and is believed to be heavily involved in match-fixing.
Lawyers for the England and Australia teams rejected Al Jazeera’s evidence, while the ICC did not respond to questions about Munawar.
The latest film, Cricket’s Match Fixers: The Munawar Files, is available online and can be viewed on Al Jazeera at the following times:
Sunday, October 21 – 20:00 GMT
Monday, October 22 – 06:00 GMT
Tuesday, October 23 – 01:00 GMT
Wednesday, October 24 – 12:00 GMT
Thursday, October 25 – 06:00 GMT
Friday, October 26 – 01:00 GMT
Saturday, October 27 – 20:00 GMT
Sunday, October 28 – 12:00 GMT